While the act of mapping conveys authority – giving credence to that which it records – mapping cannot remain entirely static and must be revised to represent changes in power structures. In efforts to better understand or better represent the world, many contemporary artists eschew two-dimensional map-making in favor of addressing the ways in which traditional maps are transgressed by global complexities.
Whose Map is it? new mapping by artists currently on view at the Institute of International Visual Arts in London (Iniva) offers creative alternatives to a stale representation of global organization. Capitalizing on the potentially transformative nature of mapping, nine contemporary artists deconstruct conventions in favor of introducing previously ‘off the map’ concepts. Whose Map is it? is inextricably engaged with the larger theme of globalization for the way that this present condition problematizes the traditional two-dimensional nation-state map structure. Presenting new and recent work in diverse media, the exhibition offers freshly layered, content-wise approaches that creatively reposition map-making to more fully represent today’s mobile world.
The deconstruction of existing map structures is central to the exhibition. In Milena Bonilla‘s Variations on a homeogeneous landscape (2006), traditional scientific cartographic means are questioned by presenting repositioned and disoriented fragments of familiar maps. In a different vein, Bouchra Khalili‘s Mapping Journey films the marking through and across of a two-dimensional map in order to illustrate a path of actual, experienced migration. As the moving image overrides the flat, two dimensional map, the viewer sees that mobility has become the new global landscape as it crosses political boundaries. Also mapping in an innovative way, Gayle Chong Kwan‘s new commission Save the Last Dance for Me charts the movement and migration of Rumba. The resulting large-scale, global cultural map is accompanied by a sound piece offering Rumba dance instruction.
Map structures take on Post-colonial concepts in Emma Wolukau-Wanambwa‘s new commission A continuing survey of syntatic parsing. In this work, Wolukau-Wanambwa charts British colonial conquest narratives in juxtaposition with bourgeois British civilian life of the same period. Also of Post-colonial theme, Alexandra Handal‘s Labyrinth of Remains and Migration (2000-01 & 2010) draws visually spare ‘mental maps’ that represent Palestinian dispossession.
The gallery audience is charged with mapping their own Middle East in Oraib Toukan‘s interactive magnetic puzzle piece entitled The New(er) Middle East. This work references the region’s divisive geo-political history that has been marked by Western intervention. More specifically, Toukan’s work playfully alludes to the catch phrase introduced by the Bush administration’s Condoleezza Rice in 2006 conceptualizing a more stable Middle Eastern political map through further Western interference and map restructuring.
Globalization’s free-trade economics define the ever-more global face of the world and are therefore addressed by multiple artists in this exhibition. Artist Susan Stockwell‘s site-specific commission, River of Blood, focuses on the world’s growing urban populations by highlighting economic disparity in London along a commonly recognized North-South divide. River of Blood is on one hand a map of the Thames River and its tributaries. On the other hand, its red vinyl cut-outs resemble human arteries, thereby emphasizing the visceral socio-economic, geographic divide between the haves (of North London) and have-nots (of South London).
Esther Polak‘s NomadicMILK (2009) is engaged with mapping the movements of a particular contemporary economic system. This work tracks the movements of nomadic Fulani herdsmen and dairy transporters throughout Nigeria using GPS technology to illustrate the constant movement required to execute the work of a single industry. Focusing on a site of dramatic economic transformation, Otobong Nkanga‘s Delta Stories (05/06) illustrates the ecological ramifications of harvesting oil repositories in a Nigerian delta region.
Whose Map is it? new mapping by artists was initiated by Iniva curators Christine Takengny and Teresa Cisneros in conjunction with a full schedule of educational events including the Crossing Boundaries Symposium that took place 2 June. Upcoming events include a July 8th talk entitled The Content and the Meaning of the Spaces We Encounter with Paul Goodwin and Alex Vasudeum. On 15 July a screening will be held of visual essayist Ursula Biemann‘s film Sahara Chronicle, followed by a discussion with visual culture scholar Irit Rogoff.
Whose Map is it? new mapping by artists is on view at Iniva‘s Rivington Place in London through 24 July.